Family Law is the specific domain of law that deals with all matters concerning a family and thus relationships. Family Law is a term that is used to refer to any and every law that addresses familial matters and they can be either civil or criminal in nature depending on the context or subject at hand.
Family Law varies among countries and also across states in countries like the United States but it typically encompasses marriage and similar status, types of marriages, prenuptial agreement, cohabitation, civil union, domestic partnership, divorce, annulment, alimony, void and voidable marriage, separation, parenting plan, parental rights, parenting coordinator, paternity, legitimacy, child custody, legal guardian, adoption, child support, contact & visitation, grandparent visitation, U.N. rights of the child, children's rights, emancipation, foster care, ward and parental child abduction. There are many interrelated legal areas of Family Law such as adultery, paternity fraud, bigamy, child abuse, domestic violence, incest and child-selling among others. see a qualified maryland attorney for more info.
Divorce law deals with dissolution of marriage. It is devised to finally terminate the nuptial or matrimonial bonds between the husband and wife. The divorce law requires the intervention of a court and a judge without whose ruling or judgment wouldn’t authorize the execution of the divorce and thus dissolution of marriage. Divorce law further deals with various aspects such as alimony, child custody, distribution of property, child support and debt segregation among other facets if applicable.
Child custody is a specific area of family law that deals with allotting the guardianship and legal parenthood of the child to one of the parents. It is only brought into affect if a married couple wishes to divorce each other, get separated or if one of the parents is mentally, physically or financially unable to provide for the child. Most commonly, child custody is taken into consideration during dissolution of marriage or when a marriage is considered null and void. In some rare cases, child custody can be invoked if one of the parents is a fraud, commits a crime or is engaged in any kind of activity that is considered to be unbecoming of a parent and not considered to be desirable for the growing up of the child to be under the influence of such a parent. Child custody is only relevant if the child in question is a minor and needs financial, decisional and other kinds of parental support.
Wills is an area of the law that is not just confined to family law but transcends to corporate law and many other domains of law. In regards to family law, wills would determine inheritance, the beneficiaries of the assets and properties and any distribution of wealth and other possessions among within the family or to anyone beyond the family if the person whose will it is determines so. In case of a divorce, there are several implications to any statutes or declarations made in the will. The divorced partner loses the right to be a beneficiary in most cases, unless otherwise mentioned in the will.